Why Manchester should be called: ‘City of Libraries’

They incorrectly call Manchester the city of rain, but I think it should be called City of Libraries, as there four major historic libraries in the city centre. They are open to visitors and I went to all four libraries in one day in order to research this feature and take the photos.

John Rylands Library Manchester

At first sight, the John Rylands Library looks like an ancient cathedral but it is a relatively modern building.

in the first year of the twentieth century and was one of the first buildings in Manchester to be fitted with electric lights. After John Rylands died in 1888, Enriqueta Rylands founded the library in memory of her husband.

A modern extension was added to the rear and as you walk from the entrance up the stairs and into the original building, there is an interesting transition from bright modern to dark neo-Gothic. Many exhibitions are held at the John Rylands Library and anyone can go in and work there, I sometimes do.

It’s part of the University of Manchester Library. One of the locations in my Anglo-Chinese novel Stargirl of the Edge is a library inspired by the John Rylands.

There is unfortunately one negative aspect: The modern low energy light bulbs are less photogenic and atmospheric than the clear light bulbs that were used from the early years of the library until around 2013.

www.library.manchester.ac.uk/rylands/

John Rylands Library facade

Interior of Chethams Library, Manchester

Chethams Library is the oldest public library in the English speaking world and is housed in a 15th century building that’s part of Chethams School.

The library is a perfectly preserved time capsule from centuries ago, and is full of the atmosphere of the past, with its dark wooden walls and corridors. It’s not difficult to imagine Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels sitting in one of the alcoves by the window.

The Chethams website showcases many of the hidden treasures of Chethams Library. It is a remarkable place. Anyone can visit during opening hours. You just need to go to the main entrance to Chethams school. It’s best to check the opening times on the website and to phone up to make sure there are no events happening.

Go to www.chethams.org.uk

Chethams Library 2004

Interior of the Portico Library Manchester

The Portico Library is located on Mosley Street in a building with a Greek style portico which gives the library its name.

I’m impressed with its mission statement ‘The Portico Library is open to all and aims to enhance and develop life-long learning by providing and promoting access to knowledge and education in Art, History, Literature and Science.’

The Portico Library is located on the corner of Mosley Street and Charlotte Street. To enter, just ring the bell on Charlotte Street. You go up the stairs and when you get to the top, you will be amazed at the beauty of the interior. It’s virtually unchanged since the early 19th century.

The Portico Library has a friendly, homely atmosphere. The staff are welcoming and very helpful. It’s possible to become a member, and support the work of this institution, that has been a part of Manchester for over 200 years.

www.theportico.org.uk

The Portico Library on the corner of Mosley Street, Manchester

Restored reading room in Manchester Central Library

The Central Library is my favourite building in Manchester and like many, I used it during my schooldays.

It was opened in 1934 and apart from the cleaning of the exterior, remained mostly unchanged until the renovation of 2011-2014, which transformed the interior. The magnificent main reading room was restored but the book stacks below it were taken out to make way for a circular reception area with a cafe which is now a regular haunt of mine.

The Archives+ area is a high tech facility combining the local history collection with the North West Film Archive and other resources. The reading room has been restored and looks almost exactly as it did before the renovation.

The new Central Library has lost some of its 1930s character and eccentricity, its distinctive smell and the tiny lift. Now there are fast lifts housed in a glazed lift shaft. The building meets present day standards and is a striking mixture of old and new. The floorspace is much bigger than it was, extending under Library Walk into the neighbouring town hall extension. There are meeting rooms and spaces for events.

The only negative aspect of the renovation is the controversial modernist-style glass link building, which in spring 2015 is not yet open.

Apart from that, the Central Library is in my opinion the best public library in the UK and remains my favourite building in Manchester.

www.manchester.gov.uk/centrallibrary

Manchester Central Library exterior

So there we are, four major, historic libraries in one city centre, all open to the public and free for everyone to use. Definitely a reason to visit Manchester.
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Forgotten mansions of Manchester and Salford

Clayton Hall Manchester in sunshine

Clayton Hall Manchester in sunshine

 
In the Manchester area, Tatton Hall, Bramall Hall, Lyme Hall and Heaton Hall are the most famous local mansions or houses that were once the homes of the rich and influential families. But there are smaller and less famous halls that are often forgotten and overlooked. Each one has a unique appearance and a fascinating history.

Clayton Hall is a suprisingly well preserved 15th century house in Clayton east  Manchester. It’s a Grade II* listed building, one of six ancient monuments in the City of Manchester. I was very impressed with the exterior which is remarkably photogenic. What makes it unique is its moat and the stone bridge across it. I understand there are plans to fill the moat with water. Clayton Hall functions as a Living History Museum and there are events throughout the year. Now that there is a Metrolink stop named after it, there’s no excuse not to visit!

Hough End Hall in the shadow of an office block.

Hough End Hall in the shadow of an office block.


 
Hough End Hall is a medieval hall in south Manchester. It was built at the end of the 16th century and is also Grade 2* listed. It was the home of the wealthy and influential Mosley family. Mosley Street in Manchester City Centre was named after them. Sadly two modern office buildngs were constructed on both sides of Hough End Hall, blocking the sun from falling on its façade. It is currently up for sale. The Metrolink line to Manchester Airport passes close by.

Baguley Hall, a medieval house in Wythenshawe Manchester

Medieval building Baguley Hall with front garden


 
Baguley Hall is a medieval house that was built in the 14th century about two miles south of the river Mersey in Cheshire. In 1931 this area became part of the City of Manchester and the surrounding area became known as Wythenshawe. It’s a Grade 1 listed building and is owned by English Heritage. As I was taking the photograph, a local resident told me it has an impressive wood ceiling inside. It’s one of Manchester’s Ancient Monuments and is on the ‘buildings at risk’ register.

Baguley Hall Manchester 1999 image from Eyewitness in Manchester
 
Longford Hall was the home of the cotton magnate and philanthropist John Rylands. His wife Enriqueta gave Manchester the John Rylands Library in his memory. The hall was built in 1857 and was run on a lavish scale. Later the hall passed to Stretford, then Trafford and was in use until quite recently. Due to unfortunate circumstances the house was lost and only the entrance portal remains. We can only imagine its former magnificence. There are plenty of photos available online. Longford Park has an enthusiastic friends group.

Longford Hall entrance portico

Longford Hall entrance portico


 
Let’s not forget Agecroft Hall, which was bought by a wealthy American in the 1920s, shipped across the Atlantic and reconstructed in Richmond Virginia where it is a tourist attraction today. Search for Agecroft Hall to find the official website.

Agecroft Hall, Richmond, Virginia (photo from Wikipedia0

Agecroft Hall, Richmond, Virginia (photo from Wikipedia)


 

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